The analysis of disease in oriental medicine is based on a concept called ‘zangfu’. The zang are solid and the fu are hollow organs. The focus of Chinese medicine on the different organs reflects the increased reliance on concepts therein. Other major concepts are ‘yin yang’ and the ‘5 elements’.
The Urinary Bladder
According to Western medical concepts, the urinary bladder is responsible for the storage and excretion of urine. In traditional Chinese medicine, its functionality is extended considerably. During urine production, liquids are transformed in various ways; this is one of the functions of the urinary bladder according to our thinking. The extent to which the bladder performs lies almost entirely on the kidney yang. Where the kidney is yang deficient, the bladder lacks the sufficient heat and qi to effectively transform fluids into urine. The most vivid result, in this case, is clear urine that is excreted relatively more.
The kidney is referred to as the shen 腎 in Traditional Chinese medicine and refers to two viscera that are found on either sides of the spine. Rather than the anatomical organ inferred by western medical concepts, the kidney is compromised of various interrelated parts. The kidneys are associated with the “Ming Men” and “the Gate of Vitality”. The kidney is known as the organ of fire and water, the sea of essence, the main determination of life and death, and the dwelling of yin and yang. As a zang organ, the kidney is a yin organ storing the essence of life.
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